Johannes Gooth1 2 Fabian Menges1 Chandra Shekhar2 Vicky Suess2 Nitesh Kumar2 Yan Sun2 Ute Drechsler1 Robert Zierold3 Claudia Felser2 Bernd Gotsmann1

1, IBM Research - Zurich, Ruschlikon, , Switzerland
2, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids, Dresden, , Germany
3, University of Hamburg, Hamburg, , Germany

Materials with strongly-correlated electrons exhibit interesting phenomena such as metal-insulator transitions and high-temperature superconductivity. In stark contrast to ordinary metals, electron transport in these materials is thought to resemble the flow of viscous fluids. Despite their differences, it is predicted that transport in both, conventional and correlated materials, is fundamentally limited by the uncertainty principle applied to energy dissipation.
Here we discover hydrodynamic electron flow in the Weyl-semimetal tungsten phosphide (WP2). Using thermal and magneto-electric transport experiments, we observe the transition from a conventional metallic state, at higher temperatures, to a hydrodynamic electron fluid below 20 K. The hydrodynamic regime is characterized by a viscosity-induced dependence of the electrical resistivity on the square of the channel width, and by the observation of a strong violation of the Wiedemann-Franz law. From magneto-hydrodynamic experiments and complementary Hall measurements, the relaxation times for momentum and thermal energy dissipating processes are extracted. Following the uncertainty principle, both are limited by the Planckian bound of dissipation, independent of the underlying transport regime.
[1] J. Gooth, F. Menges, C. Shekhar, V. Süβ, N. Kumar, Y. Sun, U. Drechsler, R. Zierold, C. Felser, B. Gotsmann, arXiv:1706.05925