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Clive Randall1 Hanzheng Guo1 Jing Guo1 Shuichi Fanahashi1 2 Amanda Baker1

1, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, United States
2, Murata Manufacturing, Ltc., Kyoto, , Japan

For over 30,000 years, the general practice of sintering ceramics has involved a high temperature thermal treatment to drive the transport processes to densify the particles and minimize the surface energy of the material. Typical sintering temperatures consider 0.6 to 0.8 of the melting temperature (Tm) for many oxides; this means we sinter around 800 oC to 1200 oC for 2 to 10 hours. Here we introduce a broad body of systems that utilize a transient aqueous based liquid phase (1 to 10 wt%) that sinters under a uniaxial pressure, while being heated from room temperature to 250 OC, over a time period of 10 to 60 minutes.
Given the massive drop in sintering temperature of the ceramic, this offers many new opportunities in material design, especially in composites. We will show three different types of polymer ceramic composites with high percentages of ceramic, 100% to 60%, with the thermoplastic polymers for dielectric applications, ionic electrolytes, and semiconducting composites. We will also show data with CSP with multilayer ceramics and printable electronics.

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