Alexander Efros1 Peter Sercel2

1, Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, District of Columbia, United States
2, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, United States

We have shown that the descent of the nanocrystal symmetry from spherical to point group Cs, which is characterized by just one mirror plane symmetry element, leads step by step to activation of all five F =2, Fz=±2, ±1, 0 excitons. Even the ground exciton becomes optically active, which should be observable in low-temperature photoluminescence measurements. For several intermediate symmetries the band edge exciton fine structure consists of sets of three linearly polarized mutually orthogonal dipoles plus a dark exciton, one of which is always the ground state. We quantify the effect of symmetry descent on the exciton fine structure by introducing a charged Coulomb impurity in the nanocrystals. The calculations show that the nanocrystal symmetry breaking by a Coulomb impurity, particularly a positively charged center, shortens the radiative decay of nanocrystals even at room temperatures in qualitative agreement with the increase in PL efficiency observed in nanocrystals doped with positive Ag charge centers.1
[1]. P. C. Sercel, A. Shabaev, and Al. L. Efros, Nano Lett. 17, 4820−4830 (2017)