2, Texas State San Marcos, San Marcos, Texas, United States
Organohalide lead (hybrid) perovskites have emerged as competitive semiconducting materials for photovoltaic devices due to their high performance and low cost. To further the understanding and optimization of these materials, solution-based methods for interrogating and modifying perovskite thin films are needed. In this work, we report a hydrofluoroether (HFE) solvent-based electrolyte for electrochemical processing and characterization of organic−inorganic trihalide lead perovskite thin films. Organic perovskite films are soluble in most of the polar organic solvents, and thus until now, they were not considered suitable for electrochemical processing. We have enabled electrochemical characterization and demonstrated a processing toolset for these materials utilizing highly fluorinated electrolytes based on a HFE solvent. Our results show that chemically orthogonal electrolytes based on HFE solvents do not dissolve organic perovskite films and thus allow electrochemical characterization of the electronic structure, investigation of charge transport properties, and potential electrochemical doping of the films with in situ diagnostic capabilities.