Maria Magdalena Titirici1

1, Queen Mary University of London, London, , United Kingdom

One of the grand challenges facing humanity today is access to sustainable materials and chemicals which are at the heart of renwable energy technologies. The production of materials, chemicals and fuels from abundant and renewable resources will eliminate our dependence on petroleum/critical metal based supplies and will provide access to a new economy based on available reserves.
While carbon is widespread on Earth, it has been mainly synthesised from fossil fuel based precursors with sophisticated and energy consuming methodologies that generate toxic gases and chemicals. We have demonstrated that it is possible to mimicking the natural process of carbon formation and prepare carbon nanomaterials from biomass using mild hydrothermal processes.
In this talk I will present some of the fundamentals governing the production of such carbon nanomaterials. We will also discuss the application of HTC materials in electrocatalytic reactions such as Oxygen Reduction Reaction and Oxygen Evolution Reaction1 as well as electrodes in Na-ion2 and Li-s batteries.3

Tang C, Wang HF, Chen X, Li BQ, Hou TZ, Zhang B, Zhang Q, Titirici MM Wei F Advanced Materials, 2016 vol. 28, (32) 7030-7030.
Li Y, Hu YS, Titirici MM, Chen L and Huang XAdvanced Energy Materials, 2016, 6, (18)
Rybarczyk MK, Peng HJ, Tang C, Lieder M, Zhang Q and Titirici MMGreen Chemistry, 2016, 18, (19) 5169-5179