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Joon Jang1 Felix Saouma2 Constantinos Stoumpos3 Mercouri Kanatzidis3

1, Sogang University, Seoul, , Korea (the Republic of)
2, Binghamton University, State University of New York, Binghamton, New York, United States
3, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, United States

CsPbBr3 is a direct-gap semiconductor where optical absorption takes place across the fundamental bandgap, but this all-inorganic halide perovskite typically exhibits above-bandgap emission when excited over an energy level, lying above the conduction-band minimum. We probe this bandgap anomaly using wavelength-dependent multiphoton absorption spectroscopy and find that the fundamental gap is strictly two-photon forbidden, rendering it three-photon absorption (3PA) active. Instead, two-photon absorption (2PA) commences when the two-photon energy is resonant with the optical gap, associated with the level causing the anomaly. We determine absolute nonlinear optical dispersion over this 3PA−2PA region, which can be explained by two-band models in terms of the optical gap. The polarization dependence of 3PA and 2PA is also measured and explained by the relevant selection rules. CsPbBr3 is highly luminescent under multiphoton absorption at room temperature with marked polarization and wavelength dependence at the 3PA−2PA crossover and therefore has potential for nonlinear optical applications.

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