Vanadium flow battery (VFB) is deemed to be one of the most promising technologies for large-scale industrial energy storage, due to its attractive features like flexible capacity, active thermal management, long cycle life and high safety. Dalian Rongke Power Co., Ltd. (RKP) has been devoted to the fundamental study and advanced research of Vanadium flow battery applications. It has become one of the world-leading enterprises in VFB development, manufacturing and delivery industry. The products have evolved from earlier indoor structure to the latest containerized system designs. More than a dozen VRFB systems have been deployed and end products have been launched into operations across the world over the past decades.
The 500kW/2MWh VFB product was developed for the large scale energy application, which is consisted of 16 cell stacks. The high integration level, low shunt current loss, low auxiliary power supply consumption and high reliability were achieved. The novel cell stack is designed by optimizing the key materials and cell stack structure, which can achieve a better performance and higher reliability at a relatively low cost. The energy efficiency (EE) could reach 80% at the rated power of 33kW, and the current density could be improved to 140~150 mA/cm2.The cycle life test indicated that no obvious performance decay was found even after 10000 cycles. The advanced two-stage power conversion system (PCS) was selected in order to realize the independent control of each sub-systems, which would improve the overall reliability ultimately. The AC/AC energy efficiency could reach 70% at the rated power of 500kW. The 500kW/2MWh VFB product has been installed in power plants for wind and solar energy storage and has obtained better application effect.
The world largest battery system, a 200MW/800MWh VFB peaking power plant conducted by RKP, is currently in progress in Dalian, China. The purpose is to improve the Northeast grid resiliency and facilitate smooth integration of renewables. A 500kW/2MWh VFB product is the minimum storage unit of the project. Each unit product could be controlled independently. The foreseeable success of the project would exert great influence on the development of the flow battery in the future.
In this presentation, new technology and product developments of vanadium flow battery at RKP will be introduced and further challenges will be addressed as well.