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Peide Ye1

1, Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana, United States

The so-called Boltzmann Tyranny defines the fundamental thermionic limit of the subthreshold slope (SS) of a metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET) at 60 mV/dec at room temperature and, therefore, precludes the lowering of the supply voltage and the overall power consumption. Adding a ferroelectric negative capacitor to the gate stack of a MOSFET may offer a promising solution to bypassing this fundamental barrier. Meanwhile, two-dimensional (2D) semiconductors, such as atomically thin transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) due to their low dielectric constant, and ease of integration in a junctionless transistor topology, offer enhanced electrostatic control of the channel. We combine these two advantages and demonstrate for the first time a molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) 2D steep slope transistor with a ferroelectric hafnium zirconium oxide layer (HZO) in the gate dielectric stack. This device exhibits excellent performance in both on- and off-states, with maximum drain current of 510 μA/μm, sub-thermionic subthreshold slope and is essentially hysteresis-free. Negative differential resistance (NDR) was observed at room temperature in the MoS2 negative capacitance field-effect-transistors (NC-FETs) as the result of negative capacitance due to the negative drain-induced-barrier-lowering (DIBL). High on-current induced self-heating effect was also observed and studied. In this talk, we will review the experimental progress at Purdue University on MoS2 n-type 2D NC-FETs, WSe2 p-type 2D NC-FETs, and nano-membrane β-Ga2O3 NC-FETs for wide bandgap CMOS applications.

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