2, Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, United States
3, Tufts University, Medford, Massachusetts, United States
Diffusion of point defects during irradiation is simulated via a two-way coupling between mechanical stress and defect diffusion in iron. This diffusion is based on a modified chemical potential that includes not only the local concentration of radiation-induced defects, but also the influence of the residual stress field from both the microstructure (i.e. dislocations, grain boundaries or triple junctions) and the eigenstrain caused by the defects themselves. Defect flux and concentration rates are derived from this chemical potential using Fick's first and second laws. Mean field rate theory is incorporated to model the annihilation of Frenkel pairs, and increased annihilation near grain boundaries is included based on the elastic energy of each grain boundary. Mechanical equilibrium is coupled with diffusion by computing eigenstrain from point defects and adding this to the total strain. Intrinsic stresses associated with the dislocations, grain boundaries and triple junctions are calculated using dislocation and disclination mechanics. Through this two-way-coupled model, defect concentration and sink efficiency is calculated for different types of microstructure. The results show that the two-way mechanical coupling has a strong influence on sink efficiency and provide guidance and metrics to quantify their characteristics.